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Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. This qualitative study examines how youth in the San Francisco Bay Area perceive marijuana and their motives for using or not using marijuana. Current regular users were more likely to perceive marijuana smoking as an enjoyable activity, comparable to a hobby or sport. Current occasional users commonly reported smoking marijuana when it was offered to them, on special occasions, and sometimes as a result of not wanting to be left out.
Former occasional users mostly reported that they did not like the somatic effects of marijuana and did not feel it enhanced their social interactions or activities. Teens who reported never having used marijuana did so out of concerns for their health. Except for never-users, marijuana was seen as safe to use. Teens mentioned the Marijuana is drug use of marijuana by people they know and legalization for medical and recreational use as evidence that marijuana is not harmful.
The findings suggest that normalization of marijuana use is taking place. Differences in motives for and against marijuana use should be taking into consideration when deing interventions and prevention messages.
National survey data indicate that marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among U. Concurrently, the perceived risk of Marijuana is drug marijuana has been declining. Changes in marijuana-related policies may be related to changes in how marijuana is perceived which may have contributed to the normalization of marijuana use.
A study using data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health NSDUH found that youth from states with legalized medical marijuana perceived marijuana use to be less risky compared to those not allowing medical marijuana Wall et al. However, it is unclear whether policy changes are driving changes in beliefs and use, or whether community norms are driving changes in policy and marijuana use and beliefs. Alternatively, it may be that both processes are at work.
Evidence of this normalization was found in a study of 31 countries that showed that adolescents who use marijuana occasionally and live in countries with high marijuana use frequency are less likely to exhibit some of the typical risk factors for marijuana use Sznitman et al. However, the case for normalization should not be overstated as the majority of youth have not used marijuana in their lifetime.
Whether a result of normalization or other processes, motives for marijuana use are likely to change and are therefore important to study.
Motives for marijuana use have been established primarily through quantitative survey studies. For example, one study of adolescents found that common motives for marijuana use included wanting to have a good time with friends, boredom, a desire to relax, and seeking insight Patrick et al. This current, qualitative study examines how youth in Northern California perceive marijuana and their motives for use. In particular, this study comprised a sample of teens who have ly consumed alcohol.
That same study found that youth who engaged in simultaneous use were more likely to report unsafe driving, followed by youth who report concurrent use of alcohol and marijuana. Marijuana has a long policy history in California. California was the first state in the U.
Marijuana and related products can be purchased at medical marijuana dispensaries for those with a medical marijuana card. That same year, California voters defeated Proposition 19 which would have legalized marijuana for recreational use with Marijuana is drug Considering the liberalizing marijuana norms across the U. In particular, there is a need for qualitative studies that can explore motives for use and perceptions that may change as a result of shifting marijuana norms.
Qualitative studies, even though typically done with small sample sizes, can provide in-depth explanations of why youth use, quit using, or abstain from marijuana. Having a better understanding of why youth use or not use marijuana can aid in the de of effective intervention and prevention programs and messaging. Such qualitative examination should consider how motives and perceptions may differ by use frequency, as well as examine the perceptions of former marijuana users and their motives for quitting marijuana use.
This qualitative study examines how teens in an environment where medical marijuana is legal and marijuana has been decriminalized perceive marijuana and their reasons for or against use. The findings examine themes related to motives and perceptions based on use frequency regular, occasional, and never and whether the teen is a current or former user.
Teens, ages 15 to 18, were recruited to participate in qualitative semi-structured interviews. The initial list of potential respondents was generated from participants in Wave 1 of a longitudinal computer-assisted telephone interview CATI survey of teens in 50 California cities selected to be geographically representative of medium Marijuana is drug cities in California.
Teens who had reported drinking alcohol on at least four occasions in the past 12 months were selected for recruitment into the qualitative study because the primary focus of the study was on alcohol. The geographic distribution of the sample was limited to respondents residing within miles of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California, and the sample was stratified based on sex.
The sample consisted of 25 males and 22 females, the slight disproportion explained by a shortage of potential female respondents that fit the recruitment criteria. Trained interviewers conducted semi-structured interviews with teens in their homes. The interviewers followed an interview guide to direct the questioning, and used probes to elicit richer responses. Each interview lasted about an hour and was digitally recorded. Institutional review board approval for this research was obtained from the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation.
Due to the sensitive nature of the questions being asked in the interview, Interviewers participated in an all-day training to familiarize them with the study methodology, research questions, and techniques used to discuss sensitive issues with youth. Interviewers also received training on how to protect the confidentiality of youth responses. First, interviewers assured teens that everything they said was completely confidential and would not be disclosed to anyone.
When interviewers arrived at the home, they asked the teen where they could talk without being disturbed. When parents were at home, they were instructed that the interview was confidential and asked about a private place to conduct the interview. Interviewers made sure Marijuana is drug the suggested private place was indeed private.
In the rare cases when the parent entered the room where the interview took place, the interviewer would stop the interview and waited until the parent left before resuming the interview. Using a critical incident approach, teen respondents were asked about recent experiences with using illegal drugs: Think about the last time that you used any kind of drug.
What kind of drug s did you take? Tell me about Marijuana is drug occasion when this happened. Where did you get high? Who did you get high with? The narratives focused primarily on marijuana because it was the most commonly used drug among the youth. In addition, interviewers were instructed to probe reasons for getting and using marijuana e.
Tell me what made you decide to buy marijuana on that occasion. What made you quit using marijuana? If the drug discussed initially was not marijuana, respondents were asked specifically about their marijuana use.
A small of youth discussed using multiple types of drugs on the last occasion they used drugs. However, this paper will only focus on marijuana. The transcripts were first coded for a priori themes created in conjunction with the interview guide e. One team member coded the transcripts for these themes, and every fifth transcript was double coded by another team member for reliability testing kappa scores ranged from.
Discrepant codes were resolved through discussion.
Data were analyzed using pile sorts, in which, four researchers grouped coded segments Marijuana is drug thematic similarity, then wrote descriptions of how the groupings were related. This process required discussion and consensus on resulting clusters of coded transcript segments. Brief quotations illustrate some of the prominent and recurring themes that were identified. Marijuana was the most commonly used illicit drug among the teens who were interviewed. The respondents who reported having used marijuana were further classified based on their narrative as regular user, occasional user, former regular user and former occasional user.
A regular user was defined as someone who used marijuana more than once every two weeks. An occasional user was defined as someone who used marijuana up to once every two weeks. Former occasional and former regular users were defined as youth who have used marijuana at the corresponding frequencies in the past but have since stopped using.
Some of the youth classified as former users stated explicitly that they were not interested in using marijuana again. Why would I even do it? However, at the time of the interview they considered themselves former users. The frequency of use for two users could not be determined based on the information gained from their interview.
These classifications were used to examine differences in perceptions about marijuana and motives for using by frequency of use. Regular marijuana users frequently did not perceive marijuana as a hard drug or even a drug. There are tricks you can do.Marijuana is drug
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Marijuana Addiction And Abuse