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Who were they? Most fishermen were immigrants: Europeans from fishing nations like Italy and Norway. There were others from the Mediterranean: Croatia, Greece, and even one from Algeria. One fisherman came from Australia. There were US citizens and Native Alaskans too but most came from overseas. Many cards noted immigration status: when they filed their first papers, or intent to naturalize, and second papers, the formal petition to become a citizen. At least one fisherman was reported held by immigration authorities.
They recorded injuries: fractured ribs and injured hands. There were several cases of fish poisoning. Several deaths were noted. The work was hard, the hours long, and the tides, winds, and weather were unforgiving.
Overall, two or three fishermen died in Bristol Bay every year. Alaska Packers Assoc. Other problems were listed: One fishermen refused to sail on the Star of France. A Dillingham fisherman tried to deliver old fish. Another fisherman was caught using small mesh gear. But others filled out their cards for 20 seasons in the Bay. This was before they weighed the catch but you can estimate poundage by multiplying the first by 6: 20, reds areLadies seeking sex Larsen Bay Alaska and there are plenty of years when the average was 30, reds, orpounds.
Remember, these fishermen worked in sailboats. No motors, hydraulic net rollers, or power reels. Just two guys in a wooden boat who pulled their nets in by hand and pitched each fish to the tally scow with a pew.
When the wind went slack, they pulled out their oars. For them, the Bristol Bay season lasted five months, from May to September. It took a month to sail north, a month to set up the cannery, a month to fish, a month to close the cannery down and load the pack, and a month to sail back to San Francisco. During the sailboat years, Bristol Bay fisherman averagedtopounds of sockeye every year, even more on the East side. These catches did not come from exceptional runs. Total harvests averaged about 15 million sockeye annually, and rarely topped 20 million. Compare that to today. There are reasons why catch rates were higher then.
They used fathoms of gear. Enforcement was non-existent. Effort was also a lot smaller. Back in the 20s and 30s there were usually only to 1, gillnetters in Bristol Bay and maybe a few hundred setnets. Now there are almost 1, drift permits and 1, setnets.
Let me tell you about one of these fishermen. He was an Able Bodied seaman and started fishing in Egegik inwhen he was He filed for US citizenship in He fished Egegik for 19 seasons. And maybe more. He stands out because after looking at cards of fishermen who routinely landed 20, and 30, fish, Camporeale landed over 40, fish in, pounds. And inhe landed 45, reds,pounds of salmon pulled onboard by his hands and pitched into the tally scow. All combined, in 19 seasons Camporeale landed over half a million sockeye at Egegik, 3 million pounds. And what do you think he was paid for that?
Bythe price was up to 12 cents a fish, two cents a pound. Camporeale was among the hardest-working highliners of the s. For 19 years, he averaged aboutpounds a year, fish pulled from Bristol Bay with his bare hands, and was paid an inflation-adjusted average 19 cents a pound.
Of course, the company paid for his boat, nets, and the Blazo in his Swede stove. The cannery also fed him and gave him a bunk during closed periods. And Camporeale amassed a remarkable record. These are the faces of the iron men of Bristol Bay. But each of these fishermen have their stories too. As do fishermen today. Fishing remains a tough business. It still can be deadly. And prices?
I hope fishermen share their experiences. The Alaska Historic Canneries Initiative was created to document and preserve the iconic buildings that are centers of our fishing communities and also to preserve the stories of the individual fishermen and processing workers. I encourage all fishermen record an oral history before their story is lost or left to whatever records are boxed in some archives. I admit it. I have lusted over this Alaska Improvement Company can from the moment I read that Kodiak resident Nick Troxell had purchased it on e-bay.
The story of canning salmon at Karluk ranks as one of the Ladies seeking sex Larsen Bay Alaska important stories in the history of Kodiak, if not Alaska. In fact, speaking of science, one can trace the. It so happens that a team of fisheries biologists are in the final stages of creating a book that focuses on the history of science in the Karluk River system.
I interviewed one of the authors, Dr. Thousands of fishermen and cannery workers ed the hundreds of Karluk villagers on the Karluk Spit, beginning in the s. The first cannery to open on Kodiak Island opened on the Karluk Spit in The Karluk Packing Co. These gentlemen salted salmon on the Karluk Spit prior to opening what was one of the earliest canneries in Alaska. Yet, word quickly got out about the massive salmon runs within the Karluk River.
Our salmon can dates from somewhere between and It was in that the Alaska Improvement Company began canning at Karluk. They built a cannery on the south side of the Karluk River, across from the Karluk Spit. That was the end of the Alaska Improvement Company, but not of its labels. For brand affiliation, the APA continued to can under the Canoe brand. Further research is required to determine when the APA added its own inia to the can. However, in all canning operations were moved to Larsen Bay.
As a result, that was the last year that cans were made and filled on the Karluk Spit, though much of the salmon canned at Larsen Bay still was beach seined from the Karluk Spit. When Alaska was purchased by the United States inthe salmon canning industry was just beginning. Only two companies were operating independent of APA on Kodiak at the turn of the century.
Both of these companies were located at Uyak Anchorage, the nearest anchorage to Karluk from the severe westerly winds that regularly blow across Shelikof Straits. Today, there are only two buildings still standing from the original cannery in addition to some of the pilings that are left where the dock once stood.
Old canning retorts, engine blocks, winches for boat ways, and a variety of other machinery and infrastructure from the once vibrant canning facility litter the beach and landscape of what is now called Old Uyak. For the past thirty years Old Uyak has been my home during the summer months where our family gillnets for salmon.
I have spent many quiet mornings looking out over the old dock and collapsed smokestack where the boiler once stood imagining the daily activity that would have been part of the Northwest Fisheries Company. From my window I can picture the old sailing ships, like the AJ Fuller and Harvesterswinging anchor in front of the dock, or the mail boat Dora casting off from this dock the morning of the Katmai eruption in Juneand watching the sky grown dark a few hours later as they sailed for Kodiak, or the Bertha with a load of lime that ignited in front of the cannery in July and burned to the waterline the boiler and ribs from the ship are still visible on the beach.
I think of the lo of salmon brought here from the Karluk beach seines and from fish traps around the island, and the Chinese laborers, the Scandinavian and Native fishermen, the plant managers and skilled craftsmen, and can hear the sounds and smell the smells that are so familiar to me from the cannery in Larsen Bay, only six miles away, which has operated from to this day.
Uyak Anchorage is still a busy place throughout the year, with the commercial fishing fleets coming and going to delver fish to tenders or to anchor for shelter or rest. This summer, I travelled to Uyak Bay on the west side of Kodiak Island to visit some friends at their fish camp. This afforded me my first trip to the village of Larsen Bay, which is home to what is one of the oldest standing canneries on Kodiak Island. Currently owned by Icicle Seafoods, the Larsen Bay cannery was built by the Alaska Packers Association after the company moved all its packing activities from the Karluk Spit, in To me, a historian who has spent much time reading and writing Ladies seeking sex Larsen Bay Alaska the history of the fisheries, this cannery is a beauty.
Believe it or not, the answer is not salmon! I was five years old the first time that I experienced cannery life in Alaska. Eating in the cannery messhall was one of my clearest recollections of that time. Perhaps because each meal was punctuated by the loud shrill blow of the steam whistle, which halted the deafening chug of the cannery machines and peace, if only for 15 minutes, returned to the Naknek River. My family and I ate in the Blue Room which was always painted yellow for some reason and we were served by a waitress who brought us our meals on white China plates.
The blue room was reserved for the superintendent, the office workers, crew supervisors, and the occasional fish buyer or other VIPs. But, I remember wandering beyond the blue room and into the main hall where the cannery crew ate. The large rectangular room seemed as if it could contain a football field. It had hard wood floors, which supported the twenty or so picnic-style tables, each supporting eight individual seats.
The air clinked with the sounds of forks and spoons scrapping the faded green and yellow cafeteria trays and buzzed with the sound of languages a five year old seldom heard—Scandinavian, Italian, Croatian, Filipino, Spanish, and Japanese.Ladies seeking sex Larsen Bay Alaska
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Woman seeking sex Larsen Bay Alaska